Adolf Hitler was a believer, and there are those who believe he lives there still, planning a comeback.
So, too, did Edgar Rice Burroughs. The most vivid description of the kingdom of inner space, its life, its fauna, society and culture, was published inby Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of They are blazing and painfully. It is the story of a beautiful woman who is kidnapped by a suitor but who is then caught up in ocean storms that drive their craft northward into realms of ice.
The crew dies of cold but the woman, warmed by both beauty and intelligence, slips through what Jason H. Pearl describes as an "interstitial passageway [which] exists as a wrinkle in space", and finds herself in a world peopled by Bear-men, Fox-men, Bird-men and other creatures.
Once the Emperor of the Blazing-World establishes that she is not a goddess, he marries her and makes her his consort.
Likewise, social roles are distributed without conflict or friction. One doesn't have to be very sharp-eyed to note that Cavendish was writing just a few years after the Restoration and in full memory of the Civil War; she was 26 when Charles I's head was chopped off. As we They are blazing and painfully the achievements of extraordinary women, and the intellectual and cultural achievements of the North, it's worth pausing to consider how unlikely Margaret's actually were.
The title of Pearl's book, Utopian Geographies of the Early English Nove lis an indication of how she is generally positioned: The Blazing World was actually published as an appendix to another work, which bears an even more unlikely title to appear above a female name in the 17th century. Her Observations upon Experimental Philosophy were the result of her own scientific endeavour.
Women, even of her class, were not expected to dabble with chemicals and lenses, but Cavendish had an extraordinarily speculative mind: The Blazing World even includes her intuition that light exists as both wave and particle, this nearly three centuries before that became orthodoxy. One wonders whether The Blazing Worldissued with a faintly patronising poem of approval by her husband William Newcastle, were issued as a kind of camouflage, as if to disguise in her own words the Philosophical within the Romancical and "meer Fancy".
In "My Birth, Breeding, and Life", Margaret is ever anxious to They are blazing and painfully out how retiring and painfully They are blazing and painfully she is, though "I hold it necessary sometimes to appear abroad" all in the line of wifely duty, is the implication. William compares her favourably? A later Margaret always liked to insist that she was not just the first female prime minister but the first scientist to occupy Number There's still resistance to both.